Lazy Rezt hangmatten en stoelen worden in El Salvador gemaakt door handswerklieden die werken voor behoud van hun cultuur en deze cultuur ooklevend te houden door gebruik te maken van traditionele productie technieken.
El Salvador is een klein land gelegen in Central America en heeft een warm en vochtig klimaat.
Salvadoreanen gebruiken de hangmat als hun bed. Een hangmat is koeler, comfortabeler en zijn niet zo duur als gewone bedden. De hangmatten hangen in en rondom het huis en worden gebruikt door volwassenen, kinderen en babies. Om in te slapen maar ook om lekker te relaxen en chillen.
In de laatste jaren worden de hangmatten ook voor therapeutische doeleinden gebruikt. De hangmatten uit El Salvador kenmerken zich door het gebruik van heldere kleuren in opvallende kleurendesigns.
Each and every one of the stitches of the crochet hammocks is completely handmade; while cotton hammocks are normally woven on pedal handlooms. Depending on the size, in the making of the warp -lengthwise threads on loom-, we use 1480 or 1680 threads.
For Salvadorean people, a hammock is a traditional product that has been part of their culture, even before the Spaniards conquerors arrived. With the sole purpose of having you enjoy this hammock in a comfortable and secure manner as Salvadoreans do.
A global voyage
Today, Exporsal is a stable company, recognised by organisations all over the globe. It helps generate more than 300 direct jobs in rural areas across El Salvador. Additionally, there are 13 employees at the company´s headquarters in San Salvador. Together, all these hard working Salvadorans form the Exporsal Family.
The company exports to almost all Europe, the United States, the Caribbean Islands, Chile, Israel and Lebanon. Its wide array of products include canvas and cotton twine hammocks and chairs, pillow covers, bags, tablecloths, wooden and ceramic items and some leather goods. As of 1999, the company has started selling products made by order.
Exporsal focuses on customer service and tries to find the best way to meet client needs.
Social Responsibility: Nature, the Environment and Craftsmanship
Hammocks are produced in rural areas, stopping immigration to the Salvadoran capital where Exporsal is located. We use handlooms, helping to preserve and not contaminate the environment. The wood used bars for hammocks and hammock chairs is imported from Honduras and the United States due to laws regulating wood exploitation in El Salvador.
We help artisans financially to improve and enlarge their production capacity and for them to buy tools and machinery. This aid is given at no interest rate. Additional loans not related to company production are given at a lower interest rate than that offered by financial institutions operating locally. Artisans make monthly payments, according to their capabilities.
Exporsal provides all school supplies to the children of the office employees and chief of artisans (until graduating from high school). What we pretend is for them to get a better education than their parents (most of the artisans have studied up to 6th grade), and expand their possibilities of success in the future. As of 2004, the company will start giving three scholarships (yearly) to their children who achieve the best overall grades.
We collaborate with other governmental and non-governmental institutions involved with the development of handicrafts and the improvement of the social and economical conditions of artisans
After the three earthquakes we experienced between January and February 2001, Exporsal helped artisans repair or rebuild their damaged homes or workshops. It covered 50% of the cost and the rest was given as a loan without charging interest.
History of the product and its "+ product"
Already in the Pre-Hispanic era, indians cultivated cotton and indigo. They made fabrics with the help of a waist loom. Indians taught Spaniards how to die yarns and in the XV1 century (Colonial era), they brought from Spain the first pedal handlooms to the Capitania General de Guatemala or Kingdom of Guatemala which included that country, Honduras and El Salvador. The producers made fine fabrics for the royalty in Spain; they also made shields protection fabrics for soldiers or warriors. Some of the villages that benefited from these new looms were San Sebastian and Santo Domingo. By the beginning of the 20th century, these villages had over 1300 handlooms, but the industry diminished with the introduction of mechanical looms.
Hammocks originated in Mesoamerica in the Pre-Hispanic times. They were made out of cotton or sisal and were woven by hand and these are the most popular among salvadoreans. The production of canvas hammocks started around 50 years ago as an addition to the line of products that were made in San Sebastian. It was until 1973 when the export of canvas hammocks took place.
Exporsal has kept the production process of hammock fabrics as it was when Spaniards brought the first handlooms to the country. This means that artisans still use only manual tools, although some have been adapted and threads used in the manufacturing have been improved by adding more strength and by not using AZO colorants. Also, different textures, new products such as the hammock chairs, bags, baby hammocks, tablecloths as well as new designs have been added along with the years.
How we organise production
Exporsal is responsible of designing the fabrics and buys all raw materials needed in the manufacturing. The "chiefs of artisans", - artisans that control a production unit –, receive the production order and take the materials to their villages and distribute them among their group.
A production group is in charge of making all the manufacturing process. The chief checks the quality and assembles the pieces. Once a week, she/he brings the finished articles to Exporsal where the quality is checked again. The chief receives the payment the same day and is responsible of paying the other members of the production unit.
Both women and men are involved in the manufacturing process. The first are in charge of preparing the threads, sewing the fabrics, assembling the pieces and folding the products. On the other hand, men prepare the weft and weave the fabrics.
There are more than 350 handlooms in San Sebastian and this is their main industry. However, it tends to disappear since young people are looking for other type of jobs.
The number of people directly working with the company in the manufacturing of hammocks is 210.
Threads used in the manufacturing of fabrics have tested AZO free at international laboratories.